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EAP Publication - 85

ECOLOGICAL CONTROL OF AGRICULTURAL AND GARDEN INSECT PESTS IN TEMPERATE REGIONS

AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF KEY LITERATURE UP TO 1988

Table of Contents

A. General

B. Identification

C. Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

D. Biological Controls

E. Insect Pathogens/Microbes

F. Pheromones (see Attractants)

G. Natural Pesticides (Botanicals, Juvenile Hormones, etc)

H. Orchards and Small Fruits

I. House and Garden

J. Greenhouses

K. Journals and Magazines

FAVORITE REFERENCES OF THE AUTHORS OF THIS BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE STARRED.

A. General (Chapters in general texts, conferences, background)

* Altieri, M. 1987. AGROECOLOGY: THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE. 2nd edn. Westview Pr., Boulder, CO. 160 pp. Includes one chapter on ecological approaches for controlling insect pests. 21 pp. refs. Index.

Askew, R.R. 1971. PARASITIC INSECTS. 316 pp. Heinemann Educational Bks., Lond. Biology of parasitic insects of both vertebrates and invertebrates. Includes one chapter on biological control. 19 pp. refs. Index.

Attwood, P.J., ed. 1985. CROP PROTECTION HANDBOOK - CEREALS. 229 pp. BCPC Publ., Croydon, U.K. One of a series of books from the British Crop Protection Council. Covers cultural, chemical and IPM strategies. No refs. Index.

Barbosa, P. and T.M. Peters, eds. 1972. READINGS IN ENTOMOLOGY. 450 pp. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. Includes 10, mostly "classic", papers on cultural, biological and integrated methods of insect pest control. Refs after each paper. No index.

Barbosa, P. and J.C. Schultz, eds. 1987. INSECT OUTBREAKS. 578 pp. Academic Pr., New York. 20 review papers emphasizing theories and explanations; useful papers by Risch and Ferro on ecology of pest outbreaks in agroecosystems. Refs after each paper. Index.

Beirne, B.P. 1967. PEST MANAGEMENT. 123 pp. Leonard Hill Bks., Lond. In his own words: "a collection of opinions and predictions" concerning the future of pest management. Useful background reading for decision makers. 9 refs. Index.

Beirne, B.P. 1971. PEST INSECTS OF ANNUAL CROP PLANTS IN CANADA: I. LEPIDOPTERA. II. DIPTERA. III. COLEOPTERA. Mem. Ent. Soc. Can. No. 78. 124 pp. and 1972. PEST INSECTS OF ANNUAL CROP PLANTS IN CANADA: IV. HEMIPTERA-HOMOPTERA. V. ORTHOPTERA. VI. OTHER GROUPS. Mem. Ent. Soc. Can. No. 85. 73 pp. Ent. Soc. Can., Ottawa, ON. Summarizes information on ecology, behavior and life histories of key Canadian crop pests. Refs after each species. Index.

Bennett, G.W. and J.M. Owens. 1986. ADVANCES IN URBAN PEST MANAGEMENT. 397 pp. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. General, emphasizing household pests. Also covers garden and urban insect and vertebrate pest management. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Brattsten, L.B. and S. Ahmad, eds. 1986. MOLECULAR ASPECTS OF INSECT-PLANT ASSOCIATIONS. 346 pp. Plenum Pr., New York. Seven theoretical papers on effects of crop allelochemicals on pest attack and including a useful paper by Raffa on practical applications of this information. Refs after each paper. Index.

Callahan, P.S. 1975. TUNING IN TO NATURE. 240 pp. Devin-Adair, Old Greenwich, U.K. Regarding various structures on insects as "radio transmitters and receivers," Callahan envisages a revolutionary approach to pest control. 47 refs. (plus 70 of his own papers). Index.

Carter, W. 1973. INSECTS IN RELATION TO PLANT DISEASE. 2nd edn. 759 pp. Wiley, New York. Bioecology of insects as vectors of plant pathogens. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Cherrett, J.M., J.B. Ford, I.V. Herbert, and A.J. Probert. 1971. THE CONTROL OF INJURIOUS ANIMALS. 210 pp. English Univ. Pr., Lond. Summarizes preventive measures and control of damage by population reduction through use of cultural, inorganic and synthetic chemicals and biological control methods. 63 refs. Index.

Clark, L.R., P.W. Geier, R.D. Hughes and R.F. Morris. 1967. THE ECOLOGY OF INSECT POPULATIONS IN THEORY AND PRACTICE. 232 pp. Methuen, Lond. General principles concerning insect numbers and the ecology of pest control from an Australian perspective. Useful discussion of competing theories and systems for classifying control strategies. 16 pp. refs. Index.

Davidson, R.H., and W.F. Lyon. 1987. INSECT PESTS OF FARM, GARDEN AND ORCHARD. 8th edn. 640 pp. Wiley, New York. Useful modern summary of the ecology, life habits and control (natural, biological, cultural and chemical) of key North American pests. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Dethier, V.G. 1976. MAN'S PLAGUE? INSECTS AND AGRICULTURE. 237 pp. Darwin Pr., Princeton, NJ. A thoughtful discussion of the insect-plant-human relationship with implications for rational action. Refs after each chapter. Index. See also his (1947) CHEMICAL INSECT ATTRACTANTS AND REPELLANTS.

Drummond, R.O., J.E. George and S.E. Kunz. 1988. CONTROL OF ARTHROPOD PESTS OF LIVESTOCK : A REVIEW OF TECHNOLOGY. 264 pp. CRC Pr., Boca Raton, FL. Covers all major pests & groups of livestock. Emphasis on pesticides. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Edwards, C.A. and G.W. Health. 1964. THE PRINCIPLES OF AGRICULTURAL ENTOMOLOGY. 418 pp. Chapman & Hall, Lond. Useful for general principles; life histories, pictures and keys for British agricultural insect pests. Overemphasizes pesticides. Refs after each chapter. Index.

van Emden, H.F., ed. 1972. INSECT/PLANT RELATIONSHIPS. Symp. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond.: No. 6. 215 pp. Blackwell, Lond. See especially the review papers on life cycles and population dynamics. Refs after each paper. No index. See also his (1974) PEST CONTROL AND ITS ECOLOGY.

van Emden, H.F. and G.F. Williams. 1974. INSECT STABILITY AND DIVERSITY IN AGROECOSYSTEMS. Ann. Rev. Ent. 19: 455-75. A review of the role of diversity in creating stability. 128 refs. See also van Emden's many other papers, including THE ROLE OF UNCULTIVATED LAND IN THE BIOLOGY OF CROP PESTS AND BENEFICIAL INSECTS. Sci. Hort. 17: 121-136 (1965).

Evans, H.E. 1984. INSECT BIOLOGY: A TEXTBOOK OF ENTOMOLOGY. 436 pp. Addison-Wesley Publ., Reading, MA. Two chapters provide an excellent summary of key pest control concepts, and IPM. Numerous useful illustrations. Few refs after each chapter. Index.

Fenemore, P.G. 1982. PLANT PESTS AND THEIR CONTROL. 271 pp. Butterworths, Wellington, N.Z. Textbook for students, extension agents, and farmers covering key aspects of pest control using examples from New Zealand. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Frankie, G.W. and C.S. Koehler, eds. 1978. PERSPECTIVES IN URBAN ENTOMOLOGY. 417 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Refreshing collection of papers on beneficials and pests and ways to control them. Based on a 1976 conference in Washington, DC. Refs after each paper. No index.

Fryer, L. 1985. BUILDING A NON-TOXIC PEST CONTROL SYSTEM. ACRES USA 15(10): 14-17. Understanding nutrition principles for efficient natural pest control. No refs.

Gips, T. 1987. BREAKING THE PESTICIDE HABIT : ALTERNATIVES TO 12 HAZARDOUS PESTICIDES. 372 pp. IASA Publicn. No. 1987-1. Univ. Minn., Minneapolis, MN. A well-documented account of the hazards of and alternatives to DDT, EDB & 2,4,5-T and their relatives. Refs. after each chapter. No index.

Glass, E.H. et al. 1979. PEST MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN CROP PROTECTION. Vol. I and II. Office Techn. Assess., Wash., DC. Covers present status of pest control (chemical, cultural, biological, and IPM) of wheat, corn, soybean, apple, potato, vegetables and cotton crops; discusses present and future issues; obstacles and actions needed for development and adoption of improved pest control. 4 pp refs at end of Vol.I and refs after each paper in Vol.II. No index. See also his (1975) INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT ; RATIONALE, POTENTIAL, NEEDS & IMPROVEMENT (Ent. Soc. Am. Spec. Publ. 75-2).

* Hill, D.S. 1987. AGRICULTURAL INSECT PESTS OF TEMPERATE REGIONS AND THEIR CONTROL. 659 pp. Cambridge Univ. Pr., Camb. Handbook emphasising pesticides. Describes principles and methods of cultural, biological, and chemical control. Useful summaries of biology, distribution and control of key temperate crop pests. 13 pp. refs. Index. See also his (1975) AGRICULTURAL INSECT PESTS OF THE TROPICS AND THEIR CONTROL.

* Hill, S.B. 1985. PREVENTATIVE PEST CONTROL. 8 pp. Ecol. Agr. Proj., Macdonald Coll., QC. Stresses need to take preventative vs curative approaches. 12 figs. covering theoretical & practical aspects support the argument. See also his (1984) CONTROLLING PESTS ECOLOGICALLY AND HIS (1986) RESPONSIBLE PEST CONTROL IN HOMES AND GARDENS.

* Horn, D.J. 1988. ECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO PEST MANAGEMENT. 285 pp. Guilford Pr., New York. Ecological principles (population and community dynamics) and their application to practical pest management strategies; covers insect-plant interactions, chemical and natural controls (biological, plant resistance, genetic, cultural, physical) and IPM. 33 pp refs. Index.

Howard, L.O. 1931. THE INSECT MENACE. 347 pp. Century, New York. Historical discussion of insects in relation to human activities and how to confront pest problems. Few refs in text. Index.

Huffaker, C.B. and R.L. Rabb, eds. 1984. ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY. 844 pp. Wiley, New York. Includes some useful chapters on applications of ecological knowledge to pest control. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Isely, D. 1941. METHODS OF INSECT CONTROL. PART I. 2nd edn. 121 pp. Burgess Publ., Minneapolis, MN. Principles and practical examples of cultural, biological and mechanical methods of pest control. Refs after each chapter. No index.

Jones, D.P. and M.E. Solomon, eds. 1974. BIOLOGY IN PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL. 13th Symp. Brit. Ecol. Soc. 398 pp. Blackwell, Oxford, U.K. Discusses ecological principles, approaches and application of biological control of weeds, insects, nematodes and vertebrates. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Jones, F.G.W. and M.C. Jones. 1984. PESTS OF FIELD CROPS. 3rd edn. 392 pp. Ed. Arnold, Lond. A taxonomic review of main British pests of crops and stored grain, pest management, and use and hazards of pesticides. 16 pp. ref. Index.

de Jong, P., coord. 1979. PEST MANAGEMENT IN TRANSITION : WITH A REGIONAL FOCUS ON THE INTERIOR WEST. 14 pp. Westview Pr., Boulder, CO. Overviews of biologicals, cultural methods, pheromones, plant resistance and implementation of IPM strategies. Refs after each paper. Index.

Kerkut, G.A. and L.I. Gilbert, eds. 1985. COMPREHENSIVE INSECT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY. Vol. 12. INSECT CONTROL. 849 pp. Pergamon Pr., Oxford. Useful reviews of botanical pesticides and principles of fungal, viral, biological, hormonal and genetic methods of control. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Kilgore, W.W. and R.L. Doutt, eds. 1967. PEST CONTROL: BIOLOGICAL, PHYSICAL AND SELECTED CHEMICAL METHODS. 477 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Reviews of biocontrol, microbials, electromagnetism, sterilization, pheromones, repellants, and antifeedants for insects. Includes classic paper on IPM by Smith and van den Bosch. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Kiraly, Z. and L. Szalay-Marzo, eds. 1971. BIOCHEMICAL AND ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PLANT-PARASITE RELATIONS. 425 pp. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest. Conf. Proc. Covers defence reactions of plants to infection, insect pest ecology, and new approaches to pest control. Refs after each paper. No index.

* Knipling, E.F. 1979. THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF INSECT POPULATION SUPPRESSION AND MANAGEMENT. 659 pp. U.S.D.A. Agric. Handbook No. 512, Wash. DC. Covers cultural, biological, microbial & integrated methods with numerous examples. 46 pp. refs. Index.

Kuenen, D.J., ed. 1961. THE ECOLOGICAL EFECTS OF BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL CONTROL OF UNDESIRABLE PLANTS AND ANIMALS. 8th Tech. Meet. Int. Union Conserv. Nature Nat. Res., Warsaw. 118 pp. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. Papers on problems associated with pest control. Refs after each paper. No index.+

Little, V.A. 1972. GENERAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY. 3rd edn. 527 pp. Harper & Row, New York. Textbook with pesticide bias. Chapter 19 reviews biological, cultural and chemical controls. 184 refs. Index.

Martin, H. 1957. CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF ECOLOGY IN RELATION TO AGRICULTURE. 96 pp. Publ. 1015. Dept. Agric., Ottawa, ON. Reviews significance of natural chemicals in plant defense against insects. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Martin, H. and D. Woodcock. 1983. THE SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLES OF CROP PROTECTION. 7th edn. 486 pp. Ed. Arnold, Lond. Reviews all types of pest control, but with a strong emphasis on pesticides. Refs throughout. Index.

Matthews, G.A. 1984. PEST MANAGEMENT. 231 pp. Longman, Lond. Emphasizes pesticides, but the visuals are useful for explaining pest control theory. 23 pp. refs. Index.

* Metcalf, C.L., W.P. Flint and R.L. Metcalf. 1962. DESTRUCTIVE AND USEFUL INSECTS. 4th edn. 1087 pp. McGraw-Hill, New York. Still the best textbook for information on the biology and life history of key N. American pests. Arranged by commodity and habitat. Useful identification keys based on damage. Overemphasizes chemical control. Refs after each pest provide the only guide to the classic studies of these pests. Index.

* Metcalf, R.L. and W.H. Luckmann, eds. 1982. INTRODUCTION TO INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT. 2nd edn. 577 pp. John Wiley, New York. Textbook covering ecological and economic aspects of pest management, plant resistance, biological and chemical controls, attractants and repellants. Provides practical examples of pest management programs for cotton, forage, tree fruit, forest and nuisance insects. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Miller, J.R. and T.A. Miller, eds. 1986. INSECT-PLANT INTERACTIONS. 342 pp. Springer-Verlag, New York. 10 theoretical papers including discussions of effects of crop quality on pest attack. Refs after each paper. Index.

Milne, A. 1962. ON A THEORY OF NATURAL CONTROL OF INSECT POPULATIONS. J. Theor. Biol. 3: 19-50. Important review of the theory of natural control. 76 refs.

* National Academy of Sciences. 1969. PRINCIPLES OF PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST CONTROL. VOL. III. INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL. 508 pp., NAS, Publ. 1695. Wash., DC. Includes discussion of ecological background underlying pest management, monitoring, and cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical pest control. Refs after each chapter. No index. See also Vol.I. PLANT-DISEASE DEVELOPMENT AND CONTROL, and Vol. V. VERTEBRATE PESTS: PROBLEMS AND CONTROL.

* National Academy of Sciences. 1972. PEST CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR THE FUTURE. 376 pp. NAS, Wash., DC. Ethics, economics and principles of pest management; strategies for improvement of chemical controls (development of biodegradable pesticides, selective chemicals); reviews ecological pest control methods: plant resistance, parasites and predators, pathogens, and nonchemical weed control. Also discusses obstacles for new pest control strategies (industry, public agencies). Refs after each paper. No index.

National Academy of Sciences. 1975. PEST CONTROL: AN ASSESSMENT OF PRESENT AND ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES, Vol. 1-5. NAS, Wash., DC. Studies of pest control problems in corn, cotton, soybeans and timber production. Includes cost-benefit analyses. Refs after each. No. index. See also NAS (1980) URBAN PEST MANAGEMENT.

de Ong, E.R. 1960. CHEMICAL AND NATURAL CONTROL OF PESTS. 244 pp. Reinhold, New York. Primarily on chemical control, but some discussion of resistant plants and insect diseases. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Ordish, G. 1976. THE CONSTANT PEST: A SHORT HISTORY OF PESTS AND THEIR CONTROL. 240 pp. Davies, Lond. A thoughtful history from neolithic times to the present with some future predictions. 259 refs. Index. See also his (1952) UNTAKEN HARVEST: MAN'S LOSS OF CROPS FROM PEST, WEED AND DISEASE, AN INTRODUCTORY STUDY, and (1956) GARDEN PESTS.

Ormerod, E.A. 1890. A MANUAL OF INJURIOUS INSECTS WITH METHODS OF PREVENTION AND REMEDY. 2nd edn. 410 pp. Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., Lond. Useful guide to pre-synthetic pesticide methods of pest control and prevention. Identification of British insect pests. No keys. Refs as footnotes. Index.

Pfadt, R.E., ed. 1985. FUNDAMENTALS OF APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY. 4th edn. 742 pp. Macmillan Publ., New York. Textbook organized by commodities and emphasising pesticides. Useful for notes on common North American insect pests and for pictorial keys to common families. Numerous plates. Refs after each chapter. Index.

* Pimentel, D., ed. 1981. HANDBOOK OF PEST MANAGEMENT IN AGRICULTURE. Vol. I-III. CRC Pr., Boca Raton, FL. Vol. I. 597 pp. Non chemical and environmental controls. Vol. II. 501 pp. Biological pest control of insect pests, plant pathogens, weeds, livestock pests. Vol. III. 656 pp. Dangers of pesticides and pest management systems. Includes many landmark papers by leaders in the USA. Refs after each paper. Index. See also his (1975) INSECTS, SCIENCE AND SOCIETY and his and Perkins' (1980) PEST CONTROL ; CULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS.

Pimentel, D. and N. Goodman. 1978. Ecological basis for the management of insect populations. Oikos 30: 422-437. Important conceptual paper. 107 refs.

Price, P.W. 1984. INSECT ECOLOGY. 2nd edn. 607 pp. Wiley, New York. Covers trophic relationships, populations, coexistence and competition, communities and distributions; includes a useful discussion on diversity and stability. Useful background material for ecological approaches to pest control. 63 pp. refs. Index.

Pringle, L. 1972. PESTS AND PEOPLE: THE SEARCH FOR SENSIBLE PEST CONTROL. 118 pp. Macmillan, New York. Well illustrated elementary introduction to cultural, biological, sterile male and hormonal control methods. 21 refs. Index.

Roberts, D.A. et al. 1978. FUNDAMENTALS OF PLANT-PEST CONTROL. 242 pp. Freeman, San Francisco, CA. Useful reviews of bioecology of crop systems and control of pathogens, nematodes, arthropods, weeds and vertebrates. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Scopes, N. and M. Ledieu, eds. 1979. PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL HANDBOOK. BCPC Publ., Lond. Notes on major British pests and control methods. Strong emphasis on pesticides, but useful concise descriptions of damage characteristics. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Singh, S.R., H.F. van Emden, and T. Ajibola Taylor eds. 1978. PEST OF GRAIN LEGUMES: ECOLOGY AND CONTROL. 454 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Worldwide treatment with tropical emphasis, but including useful papers by Irwin and van Emden on N. American control systems for soybean and other grain legumes. Refs after each paper. Index.

Southwood, T.R.E., ed. 1968. INSECT ABUNDANCE. 160 pp. Blackwell Scientific Publ., Oxford. Symp. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond. No. 4. Background to understanding insect pest outbreaks. Refs after each article. No index. See also his (1971) ECOLOGICAL METHODS: WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE STUDY OF INSECT POPULATIONS.

Stapley, J.G. and F.C.H. Gayner. 1969. WORLD CROP PROTECTION. VOL.I. PESTS AND DISEASES. 270 pp. Iliffe Bks., Lond. Biology of key insect pests from around the world and identification of damage. Overemphasises pesticides. Refs after each pest. Index. Vol. 2 by Hassal covers pesticides.

Still, W.H. Jr. 1982. PLANT PROTECTION : AN INTEGRATED INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH. 297 pp. Iowa State Univ. Pr., Ames, IO. Basic theory emphasizing plant pathology. Covers cultural, biological and IPM approaches. 16 pp. refs. Index.

Tashiro, H. 1987. TURFGRASS INSECTS OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA. 391 pp. Comstock, Cornell Univ. Pr., Ithaca, NY. Summarizes biology, distribution, life history and damage of turfgrass pests: mites, crickets, chinch bugs, some homopteran and other insect pest groups. Also covers turfgrass ecology, vertebrate pests, survey techniques and insect control (chemical emphasized). Useful color plates of pests and damage. 19 pp. refs. Index.

Teng, P.S. ed. 1987. CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT AND PEST MANAGEMENT. 270 pp. APS Pr., St. Paul, MN. 25 papers on insects and diseases including useful ones on pest monitoring, economics, decision making, systems approaches and modelling. Refs after each paper. No index.

Thresh, J.M. ed. 1981. PESTS, PATHOGENS & VEGETATION: THE ROLE OF WEEDS AND WILD PLANTS IN THE ECOLOGY OF CROP PESTS AND DISEASES. 517 pp. Pitman Publ., Marshfield, MA. Includes 6 papers relating to temperate pests (emphasising aphids, carrot fly, and orchard pests). Refs after each paper. Index.

Trueman, L.C., G.W. Bennett and W.L. Butts. 1976. SCIENTIFIC GUIDE TO PEST CONTROL OPERATIONS. 276 pp. Harvest Publ., Cleveland, OH. Pictorial key, descriptions of biology, damage and control for common household pests. Pesticide bias. Refs after each section. Index.

U.S. Dep. Agric. 1952. INSECTS - THE YEARBOOK OF AGRICULTURE. 780 pp. 72 pls. GPO. Wash., DC. Numerous short papers on pest habits, damage and control. Colour plates of key pests and their damage. Refs after some papers. Index. See also the 1966 yearbook PROTECTING OUR FOOD which contains a few general papers on pest control.

Varley, G.C., G.R. Gradwell and M.P. Hassell. 1973. INSECT POPULATION ECOLOGY: AN ANALYTICAL APPROACH. 212 pp. Blackwell, Lond. Includes an overview of biocontrol principles. 157 refs. Index.

Wardle, R.A. and P. Buckle. 1923. THE PRINCIPLES OF INSECT CONTROL. 295 pp. Manchester Univ. Pr., Manchester, U.K. Covers biological, chemical and cultural controls. 25 pp. refs. Index. See also Wardle's (1929) THE PROBLEMS OF APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY.

Ware, G.W. 1980. COMPLETE GUIDE TO PEST CONTROL WITH AND WITHOUT CHEMICALS. 290 pp. Thomson Publ., Fresno, CA. Written for urban/suburban residents. Includes non-chemical methods for most pests. 81 refs. Index.

Watson, T.F., L. Moore and G.W. Ware. 1975. PRACTICAL INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT: A SELF-INSTRUCTION MANUAL. 196 pp. Freeman, San Francisco, CA. Concise text covering biological, chemical, physical and cultural controls. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Westcott, C. 1973. THE GARDENER'S BUG BOOK. 4th edn. 689 pp. Doubleday, Garden City, NY. Useful descriptions of garden pests and their life histories. Color pictures of many of them. Overemphasises chemical control. 58 refs. Index.

de Wilde, J. and L.M. Schoonhoven, eds. 1970. INSECT AND HOST PLANT. Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. June 2-5, 1969, Wageningen, Netherlands. Ent. Expl. Appl. 12: 471-810. Nutritional, behavioural, morphological and chemical aspects of insect/plant relationships. Refs after each paper. Index.

Wilson, C.L. & G.L. Graham, eds. 1983. EXOTIC PLANT PESTS AND NORTH AMERICAN AGRICULTURE. 522 pp. Academic pr., New York. 17 review papers on introduced pathogens, weeds & insects, their prevention and control (note: over 50% of N. American pests are introduced). Refs after each paper. Index.

Wilson, M.C., D.B. Broersma and A.V. Provonsha. 1984. FUNDAMENTALS OF APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY, 2nd edn. 216 pp. Waveland Pr., Prospect Heights, IL. First of a series; other volumes cover livestock, feed and field crops, vegetable, fruit, ornamentals and household pests; bare essentials of practical insect pest management. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Wood, R.K.S., ed. BIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS ARISING FROM THE CONTROL OF PESTS AND DISEASES. 120 pp. Inst. Biol., Lond. Symp. Proc. Survey of the harmful effects of modern pest control. Refs after each paper. Index.

Woods, A. 1974. PEST CONTROL ; A SURVEY. 407 pp. McGraw-Hill, Lond. Textbook, semi-technical, modern review of chemical and biological pest control. 21 pp. refs. Index.

* Yepsen, R.B. ed. 1984. THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF NATURAL INSECT AND DISEASE CONTROL. 490 pp. Rodale Pr., Emmaus, PA. Comprehensive guide to protecting ornamental plants, lawns and vegetables without toxic chemicals. 30 pp. of color plates. No refs. Index.

B. Identification

Alford, D.V. 1984. A COLOUR ATLAS OF FRUIT PESTS: THEIR RECOGNI-TION, BIOLOGY AND CONTROL. 320 pp. Wolfe Publ., Lond. Excellent colour photographs & notes on British pests, symptoms, predators and parasites. Control recommendations tend to be chemical. 3 pp. refs. Index.

Brook, A. and A. Halstead. 1980. GARDEN PESTS AND DISEASES. 96 pp. Mitchell Beazley Publ., Lond. Useful pictures for identification of pests and diseases of fruits, vegetables and ornamentals. No refs. Index.

Cravens, R. H. 1977. PESTS AND DISEASES. 160 pp. Time-Life Books, Alexandria, VA. Non technical, general information about controls (non toxic, cultural and chemical). Excellent color photos of insect pests and their controls. 46 refs. Index. See also Time-Life's (1987) LAWN AND GARDEN (FIX IT YOURSELF SERIES) for useful colour plates of key pests & diseases.

Farbenfabriken Bayer Ag. 1968. CROP PRODUCTION COMPENDIUM. VOL I AND II. 230 and 511 pp. Chemagro Corp. Kansas City, MO. Excellent colour pictures of major pests and damage from around the world. No. refs. Vol. II includes index and lists chemicals.

Harris, K.M., and S.T. Buczacki. 1981 PESTS, DISEASES, AND DISORDERS OF GARDEN PLANTS. 512 pp. Collins, Lond. Very useful guide to British pests, many of which occur in N. America. Index.

Johnson, W.T. and H.H. Lyon. 1976. INSECTS THAT FEED ON TREES AND SHRUBS. An illutrated practical guide. 464 pp. Comstock, Cornell Univ. Pr., Ithaca, NY. Life histories and color plates of insects and their damage on conifers, evergreens and deciduous plants. 322 refs. Index.

Kono, T. & C.S. Papp. 1977. HANDBOOK OF AGRICULTURAL PESTS. 205 pp. State of Calif., Sacramento. Keys to aphids, thrips, mites, snails & slugs. Refs after each section. Index.

* Mother Earth News. 1987. AN ILLUSTRATED FIELD GUIDE TO COMMON GARDEN PESTS. Mother Earth News Garden Special 1(2):17-94. Useful color photos of harmful and beneficial insects at different stages in their life cycle, with non-chemical methods of control; also covers harmful and helpful vertebrates, such as cats, moles, skunks and bats. No refs. Index.

Smith, M. & A. Carr. 1988. RODALE'S GARDEN INSECT, DISEASE AND WEED IDENTIFICATION GUIDE. 352 pp. Rodale Pr., Emmaus, PA. Non-technical; clear, useful colour photos for quick identification of adults and immatures of key N. American insect pests. No refs. Index.

* Zim, H.S., ed. 1966. INSECT PESTS. 160 pp. Golden Pr., New York. Color pictures for quick identification of common N. American insect pests of livestock, gardens, ornamentals, field crops, vegetables and stored products. No refs. Index.

See also: Carter, W. 1973 (A)

Davidson, R.H. & W.F. Lyon 1987 (A)

Edwards, C.A. & G.W. Heath 1964 (A)

Hill, D.S. 1987 (A)

Jones, F.G.W. & M.C. Jones 1984 (A)

Metcalf, C.L. et. al. 1962 (A)

Ormerod, E.A. 1890. (A)

Pfadt, R.E., ed. 1985 (A)

Schwartz, P.H. Jr. 1975 (I)

Scopes, N. & M. Ledieu, eds. 1979 (A)

Tashiro, H. 1987 (A)

U.S.Dept. Agric. 1952. (A)

Westcott, C. 1973. (A)

Yepsen, R.B., ed. 1984 (A)

C. Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Apple, J.L., and R.F. Smith, eds. 1976. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT. 2OO pp. Plenum Pr., New York. Covers practical, economical and philosophical aspects. Useful examples of IPM in different farm systems. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Burn, A.J., T.H. Coaker, and P.C. Jepson, eds. 1987. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT. 474 pp. Academic Pr., Lond. Useful reviews of monitoring, cultural, biological and chemical control methods for pests of key crops, greenhouses, forests and stored products. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Conway G.R., ed. 1984. PEST AND PATHOGEN CONTROL: STRATEGIC, TACTICAL, AND POLICY MODELS. 488 pp. Wiley, New York. State-of-the-art modeling methods with case studies from agriculture, forestry and health. Discusses policy options. Extensive use of mathematics. Refs after each chapter. Index.

FAO. 1966. PROCEEDING OF THE FAO SYMPOSIUM ON INTEGRATED PEST CONTROL. 3 vols., 402 pp. FAO, Rome. Discusses the need for IPM and reviews past efforts throughout the world. Refs after each paper. No index. See also FAO's (1971) CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT METHODS.

* Flint, M.L. and R. van den Bosch. 1981. INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT. 240 pp. Plenum Pr., New York. Covers history and economics of pest control; practical techniques , case histories and future of IPM. 7 pp. refs. Index. See also Flint's (1984) INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT OF ALFALFA HAY.

Frisbie, R.E. & P.L. Adkisson, eds. 1986. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT OF MAJOR AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS. 743 pp. Texas A & M Univ., TX. Consortium of Integrated Pest Management Symp. Oct. 8-10, 1985. Wash. DC. A reflective collection of 46 papers reporting on the results of the 1979-1985 work of a U.S.A. 17 university consortium on IPM for alfalfa, apples, cotton & soybeans. Refs after each paper. Index. See also (1979) INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT which announced the birth of this program.

Goldstein, J. 1978. THE LEAST IS BEST PESTICIDE STRATEGY. 205 pp. JG Pr., Emmaus, PA. Considers IPM as an industry offering services and jobs; examples from farm and urban areas; relevance to consumers and need for IPM research. Useful lists of addresses for products and services. 121 refs. Index.

Graffin, Ph., ed. 1982. INTEGRATED CROP PROTECTION. 407 pp. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Proc. Symp. June 18-19, 1980, Valence, France. Application of IPM to tree crops & greenhouses. Refs after some papers. No index.

Hatfield, J.L. and I.J. Thomason, eds. 1982. BIOMETEOROLOGY IN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT. 491 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Covers the effects of microclimate on insects and IPM systems. Refs after each paper. Index.

* Kogan, M., ed. 1986. ECOLOGICAL THEORY AND INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICE. 362 pp. John Wiley, New York. Covers island biogeography, population dynamics, pest dispersion, plant defence strategies, plant, pest and pathogen interaction, the ecological basis for biological and cultural controls, and the effects of pesticides in agroecosystems. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Komarek, E.V., ed. 1976. PROCEEDINGS OF THE TALL TIMBERS CONFERENCE ON ECOLOGICAL ANIMAL CONTROL BY HABITAT MANAGEMENT. 267 pp. Tall Timbers Research Station, Talahassee, Fl. Technical, but of value to farmers interested in cultural and integrated control methods. See for example, Macphee, A.W. and C.R. Maclellan. 1971. ECOLOGY OF APPLE ORCHARD FAUNA AND DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATED PEST CONTROL IN NOVA SCOTIA. Refs after each paper. No index.

McCarl, B.A. 1981. ECONOMICS OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT. 142 pp. Spec. Rept 636 Agric. Expt. Sta., Int. Pl. Prot. Ctr and Dept. Agric. and Res. Econ. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR. Interpretive review of the literature. 36 pp. refs. No index.

Michigan State University. 1974. ECOSYSTEM DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT II INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT: AN ON-LINE CONTROL PROCESS. 76 pp. Nat. Sci. Fdn. Wash., DC. The use of predictive models and microclimate information to maintain ecologically compatible pest levels. 50 refs. No index.

Minks, A.K., and P. Gruys, eds. 1980. INTEGRATED CONTROL OF INSECT PESTS IN THE NETHERLANDS. 304 pp. Centre Agric. Publ. Doc., Wageningen. 61 papers covering IPM in orchards, field crops, and greenhouses, with sections on insect-host relations, host plant resistance, use of pheromones, attractants, selective insecticides, hormones and microbials. Refs after each paper. No index.

Norton, G.A. and C.S. Holling, eds. 1979. CONFERENCE ON PEST MANAGEMENT. Conf. Proc. Oct. 25-29, 1976. Laxenbury, Austria. Int. Inst. Appl. Syst. Anal. Pergamon Pr., Oxford. 349 pp. Mathematical models for agricultural and forestry pest management. Refs after each chapter. No index.

* Rabb, R.L. and F.E. Gutherie, eds. 1970. CONCEPTS OF PEST MANAGEMENT. 242 pp. NC State Univ., Raleigh, NC. Proceedings of landmark conference; 15 key papers by experts in integrated control. Refs after each paper. No index.

* Smith, E.H., and D. Pimentel, eds. 1978. PEST CONTROL STRATEGIES. 334 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Symp. Proc. Includes some classic papers on complexity, and socio-economic aspects of IPM, case studies (apple, potato, corn, and soy) and on the obstacles and needs for such systems. Refs after each paper. Index.

Tummala, R.L., D.L. Haynes & B.A. Croft, eds. 1976. MODELING FOR PEST MANAGEMENT ; CONCEPTS, TECHNIQUES, AND APPLICATIONS. 247 pp. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI. Proc. 2nd U.S./U.S.S.R. Symp. on this topic. 25 papers on long and short term predictive modeling techniques. Refs after each paper. Index.

Welch, S.M., and B.A. Croft. 1980. THE DESIGN OF BIOLOGICAL MONITORING SYSTEMS FOR PEST MANAGEMENT. 77 pp. Bernan-Unipub., Lanhorn, MD. Outlines a computer simulation modelling approach, applied especially to mite control in orchards. 5 pp. refs. No index.

See also: Barbosa, P. and T.M. Peters, eds. 1972. (A)

Beirne, B.P. 1967 (A) Knipling, E.F. 1979 (A)

Croft, B.A. & S.C. Hoyt, eds. 1983 (G)

Evans, H.E. 1984 (A)

Glass, E.H. et al. 1979. (A)

Hill, S.B. 1985 (A)

Horn, D.J. 1988. (A)

Huffaker, C.B. 1984. (D)

Hussey, N.W. and N. Scopes, eds. 1985. (I)

Kilgore, W.W., and R.L. Doutt, eds. 1967. (A)

Mandava, N.B., ed. 1985 (G)

Matthews, G.A. 1984 (A)

Metcalf, R.L., and W.H. Luckmann, eds.1982.(A)

NAS 1972, 1975 (A)

Pimentel, D. ed. 1981. (A)

Still, W.H. Jr. 1982 (A)

Wilson, M.C. et. al. 1984 (A)

Also, many references in sections D, E and F.

D. Biological Controls

Allen, G. and A. Rada., coord. 1984. THE ROLE OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL IN PEST MANAGEMENT. 173 pp. Univ. Ottawa Pr. Int. Symp. Proc., Nov. 16-20, 1981. Santiago, Chile.. Examples from S. America, Europe, Canada and U.S.A. Refs after each paper. No index.

Beltsville Agric. Res. Ctr. 1981. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL IN CROP PRODUCTION. 461 pp. Allanheld, Osmun Publ., Totawa, NJ. Symp. 1980. BARC, Maryland. 30 papers covering principles, strategies, applications & economics. Refs after each paper. Index.

Brooklyn Botanic Garden. 1960. HANDBOOK ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PLANT PESTS. 97 pp. BBG, Brooklyn, NY. Well illustrated popular account with emphasis on garden scale. No refs. Index. See also their (1972) HANDBOOK ON GARDEN PESTS.

Cavalloro, R., ed. 1983. APHID ANTAGONISTS. 141 pp., A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. European Community Experts Group Proc. Nov. 23-24, 1982, Portici, Italy. Fungi, predators and parasites for biocontrol of aphids. Refs after each paper. Index.

Clausen, C.P. 1940. ENTOMOPHAGOUS INSECTS. 688 pp. McGraw-Hill, New York. Classic review of the biology of predacious insects. 47 pp. refs. Index.

Clausen, C.P. 1956. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INSECT PESTS IN THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES. 151 pp. US Dep. Agric. Tech. Bull. 1139. Numerous early examples of biological pest control. 152 refs. Index.

Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control. 1971. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL PROGRAMS AGAINST INSECTS AND WEEDS IN CANADA, 1959-1968. Tech. Comm. No.4. 266 pp. Commonwealth Agric. Bur., Slough, U.K. Numerous examples of biological control of agricultural and forest insect pests and weeds. Also includes cost-benefit figures. Refs after each example. Index. See also other bulletins in this series on biological control in other countries and Kelleher and Hulme, (1984) for later Canadian examples.

* Coppel, H.C., and J.W. Mertins. 1977. BIOLOGICAL INSECT PEST SUPPRESSION. 314 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Textbook covering history, parasitoids, nematodes, predators, pathogens, etc. 46 pp. refs. Index.

Cox, J. 1974. HOW TO USE BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS EFFECTIVELY. Org. Gard. Farm. Mag. 21(2): 76-82. 25 points from experts on how to select and use beneficial insects in the garden and on the farm. No refs.

* DeBach, P., ed. 1964. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INSECT PESTS AND WEEDS. 844 pp. Reinhold, New York. Review of history and basic concepts in biological pest control. For many years, the "bible" on this topic. 100 pp. refs. Index.

* DeBach, P. 1974. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL BY NATURAL ENEMIES. 323 pp. Cambridge Univ. Pr., Lond. Still one of the best concise summaries. 173 refs. Index.

Delucchi, V.L., ed. 1976. STUDIES IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. IBP 9. 304 pp. Cambridge Univ. Pr., Lond. Results of core projects in the International Biological Programme: aphids, spider mites, fruit flies, rice stem borers and armored scale insects. 50 pp. refs. Index.

Hayes, J., ed. 1968. SCIENCE FOR BETTER LIVING, THE YEARBOOK OF AGRICULTURE. U.S.G.P.O., Wash., DC. 386 pp. Includes several articles on biological control. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Helle, W. and M.W. Sabelis, eds. 1985. SPIDER MITES, THEIR BIOLOGY, NATURAL ENEMIES AND CONTROL. Vol 1B. 458 pp. Elsevier, Amsterdam. Covers use of mites as predators and contol of mite pests by other predators both in greenhouses and in a range of field crops. Refs after each paper. Index.

Hokkanen, H. and D. Pimentel. 1984. New approach for selecting biological control agents. Can. Entomol. 116(8): 1109-1121. Introducing natural enemies for biological control is more efficient than long evolved associations between species. 68 refs.

Hoy, M.A. and D.C. Herzog, eds. 1985. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL IN AGRICULTURAL IPM SYSTEMS. 589 pp. Academic Pr., Orlando. Conf. Proc. June 4-6, 1984; Univ. Florida, Lake Alfred, FL. Chapters on status and limitations of biocontrol. Refs after each chapter. Index. See also Hoy et al.'s (1983) BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PESTS BY MITES.

* Huffaker, C.B., ed. 1971. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. 511 pp. Plenum Pr., New York. Well edited proceedings of 1967 AAAS Conference in Boston. Covers theory, ecological basis, specific examples and IPM systems. Refs after each chapter. Index.

* Huffaker, C.B., ed. 1980. NEW TECHNOLOGY OF PEST CONTROL. 500 pp. John Wiley, New York. Advances and systems approach to research in soybean, cotton and alfalfa insect control, and also for pome and stone fruit insects, citrus ecosystems and pine beetle control. Refs after each chapter. Index.

* Huffaker, C.B., and P.S. Messenger, eds. 1976. THEORY AND PRACTICE OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. 788 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Key review papers on theory and practice, covering major groups of control oranisms and main categories of crops. Also covers IPM and cultural controls. Refs after each paper. Index.

Hussey, N.W. 1985. Biological control - a commercial evaluation. BioControl News and Informations 6(2): 93-99. Economic problems associated with the biocontrol "industry" and broad approaches to solutions. 10 refs.

* Kelleher, J.S. and M.A. Hulme, eds. 1984. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL PROGRAMMES AGAINST INSECTS AND WEEDS IN CANADA, 1969-1980. 410 pp. Commonw. Agric. Bur., Lond. Methods and recommendations to control 45 species of insect pests and 18 species of weeds. Refs after each report. Index.

Lundholm, B. and M. Stackerad, eds. 1979. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND BIOLOGICAL FORMS OF CONTROL OF PEST ORGANISMS. 171 pp. Ecol. Bull. 31. Int. Workshop Proc. Emphasis on risks and benefits of different biocontrol methods. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Maxwell, F.G. and F.A. Harris. 1974. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SUMMER INSTITUTE OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PLANT INSECTS AND DISEASES. 647 pp. Miss. Univ. Pr., Jackson, MS. 16 papers on concepts & uses against arthropods. Other sections cover weeds & diseases. Refs after each paper. No index.

Moreton, B.D. 1958. BENEFICIAL INSECTS. 2nd edn. 49 pp. Min. Agric. Fish. Food Bull. No. 20. HMSO, Lond. Biological and practical significance of various groups of insects, including parasites & predators. Includes examples of biological controls. 54 refs. Index.

Olkowski, H. and W. Olkowski. 1976. INSECT POPULATION MANAGEMENT IN AGROECOSYSTEMS. pp. 340-374, in: R. Merrill, ed. RADICAL AGRICULTURE. Harper & Row, New York. Examines problems associated with pesticide use and discusses ecological pest control. 29 notes and 9 refs.

Ordish, G. 1967. BIOLOGICAL METHODS IN CROP PEST CONTROL: AN INTRODUCTORY STUDY. 242 pp. Constable, Lond. Theoretical and practical aspects of weed and insect pest control. 164 refs. Index.

Poznanin, L.P., ed. 1956. WAYS AND MEANS OF USING BIRDS IN COMBATING NOXIOUS INSECTS. 138 pp. Min. Agric. USSR, Moscow. Conf. Proc. Nov. 25-28, 1953 and DEc. 21-23, 1954, Moscow. Israel Program Sci. Transl. Jerusalem. 28 papers discussing role of insectivorous birds in the control of insect pests and describes ways to attract them. Refs after each paper. No. index.

Reitz, L.P., ed. 1960. BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL CONTROL OF PLANT AND ANIMAL PESTS. 273 pp. AAAS Publ. No. 61, Wash, DC. Examples of different methods of biological control. Refs after each paper. Index.

Ridgway, R.L. and S.B. Vinson, eds. 1977. BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS BY AUGMENTATION OF NATURAL ENEMIES. 480 pp. Plenum Pr., New York. 15th Int. Congr. Ent.; Symp. Proc. 15 papers on various aspects of the theory and practice of biological control with an appendix listing suppliers of predators and parasites. Refs after each paper. Index.

Samways, M.J. 1981. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PESTS AND WEEDS. 58 pp. Ed. Arnold, London. Concise introduction to theory and practice with notes on its use in IPM programs. 42 refs. Index.

Swan, L. 1964. BENEFICIAL INSECTS. 429 pp. Harper & Row, New York. Simple coverage of biological control, and habits of predators and parasites. Refs as footnotes. Index.

Sweetman, H.L. 1958. THE PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. 461 pp. W.C. Brown, Dubuque, IA. Covers plant and animal pests. Discussion of pest life history, habits and methods of using biological controls. 48 pp. refs. Index.

Thompson, W.R. 1930. THE BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INSECT AND PLANT PESTS: A REPORT ON THE ORGANISATION AND PROGRESS OF THE WORK OF FARNHAM HOUSE LABORATORY. 124 pp. HMSO, Lond. Historically important account of early research and farm scale experience. 96 refs. No index.

Turnbull, A.L. and D.A. Chant. 1961. THE PRACTICE AND THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INSECTS IN CANADA. Can. J. Zool. 39: 697-753. Assessment of biological control efforts and a discussion of principles and misconceptions. 222 refs.

* Van den Bosch, R., P.S. Messenger, and A.P. Gutierrez. 1982. AN INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. 247 pp. Plenum Pr., New York. A revised version of Van den Bosch and Messenger's (1973) BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. Non-technical introduction; reviews use of natural enemies and pathogens, procedures and limiting factors of introduced natural enemies, the economics and future of biocontrol. Refs after each chapter. Index.

See also many references in sections A, C, I and J.

E. Insect Pathogens/Microbes

* Burges, H.D., ed. 1981. MICROBIAL CONTROL OF PESTS AND PLANT DISEASES 1970-1980. 949 pp. Academic Pr., Lond. 43 papers covering the major groups of microbial controls, their formulation, application & integration into pest control systems. Updates his and Hussey's (1971) book. Refs after each paper. Index.

* Burges, H.D. and N.W. Hussey. 1971. MICROBIAL CONTROL OF INSECTS AND MITES. 861 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Technical anthology on the use of diseases to control pests. Refs after each chapter plus 39 pp. refs. Index.

Cheng, T.C. 1984. COMPARATIVE PATHOBIOLOGY VOL.7: PATHOGENS OF INVERTEBRATES. 278 pp. Plenum Pr., New York. Transmission mechanisms and applications in biological control with emphasis on Bacillus thuringiensis. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Ignoffo, C. 1988. HANDBOOK OF NATURAL PESTICIDES VOL. V. MICROBIAL INSECTICIDES. 272 pp. CRC Pr., Boca Raton, FL. Part A covers protozoa and fungi. Part B will cover other groups. Refs after each section. Index.

Maramorosh, K. and K.E. Sherman, eds. 1985. VIRAL INSECTICIDES FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. 809 pp. Academic Pr. Identification, pathology, bioecology, and use of viruses as biocontrol agents. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Poinar, G.O. 1975. ENTOMOGENOUS NEMATODES: A MANUAL AND HOST LIST OF INSECT-NEMATODE ASSOCIATIONS. 317 pp. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. The classic work on this topic. 36 pp. refs. Index.

Poinar, G.O. Jr. and G.M. Thomas. 1984. LABORATORY GUIDE TO INSECT PATHOGENS AND PARASITES. 392 pp. Plenum Pr., New York. Keys and techniques for identification and isolation of pathogens. Numerous illustrations. 14 pp. refs. Index.

See also:

Barbosa, P. and T.M. Peters, eds. 1970. (A)

Cherrett, J.M., et al. 1971. (A)

Glass, E.H., et al. 1979. (A)

Hill, D.S. 1987. (A)

Horn, D.J. 1988. (A)

Kerkut, G.A. and L.I. Gilbert, eds. 1985. (A)

Kilgore, W.W., and R.L. Doutt, eds. 1967. (A)

Metcalf, R.L., and W.H. Luckmann. 1982. (A)

NAS. 1969, 1972, 1975. (A)

de Ong, E.R. 1960. (A)

Quraishi, M.S. 1977 (G)

Tashiro, H. 1987. (A)

Watson, T.F. et al. 1975. (A)

Also, most references in sections C and D.

F. Pheromones (Sex Attractants)

Beroza, M., ed. 1976. PEST MANAGEMENT WITH SEX ATTRACTANTS AND OTHER BEHAVIOR-CONTROLLING CHEMICALS. 192 pp. AMC Symp. Ser. 23. Amer. Chem. Soc., Wash., DC. Symp. Proc., Aug. 26, 1975, Chicago, IL. Pheromones, kairomones and government registration requirements. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Birch, M.C., and K.F. Haynes. 1982. INSECT PHEROMONES. 60 pp. Ed. Arnold, Lond. Basic theory plus a useful section on their use in pest control. 13 refs. Index.

Hummel, H.E., and T.A. Miller, eds. 1984. TECHNIQUES IN PHEROMONE RESEARCH. 464 pp. Springer-Verlag, New York. 14 mostly theoretical papers, but including useful ones on use and interpretation of trap catches and the use of pheromones in pest control. Refs after each paper. Index.

Jacobson, M. 1972. INSECT SEX PHEROMONES. 382 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Basic text including their use in pest control. 66 pp refs. Index.

* Kydonieus, A.F. and M. Beroza, eds. 1982. INSECT SUPPRESSION WITH CONTROLLED RELEASE PHEROMONE SYSTEMS. Vol. I, 274 pp. AND II, 312 pp. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Use of pheromones in IPM (concepts and regulations). Also, covers mass trapping and mating disruption. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Mitchell, E.E., ed. 1981. MANAGEMENT OF INSECT PESTS WITH SEMIOCHEMICALS: CONCEPTS AND PRACTICE. 514 pp. Plenum Pr., New York. Research and practical examples on biomonitoring and trapping; research and development of mating disruptants; and constraints (laws and regulations) associated with use of semiochemicals. Refs after each paper. Index.

Nordlund, D.A., R.L. Jones, and W.J. Lewis. 1981. SEMIOCHEMICALS: THEIR ROLE IN PEST CONTROL. 306 pp. Wiley, New York. Covers the role and significance of allelochemics and pheromones, chemistry, evolution and employment strategies for semiochemicals. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Shorey, H.H. and J.J. McKelvey Jr., eds. 1977. CHEMICAL CONTROL OF INSECT BEHAVIOR: THEORY AND APPLICATION. 414 pp. John Wiley, New York. Principles of insect chemosensory responses. Behavioral responses of some insect groups to pheromones and allomones. Discusses complexity and diversity of behavior-modifying chemicals and their importance in pest management programs. Refs after each chapter. Index.

See also:

Kilgore, W.W., and R.L. Doutt, eds. 1967. (A)

Metcalf, R.L., and W.H. Luckmann, eds. 1982. (A)

Rice, E.L. 1983 (G)

Also, many references in sections C and D

G. Natural Pesticides (Botanicals, Juvenile Hormones, etc.)

Casida, J.E., ed. 1973. PYRETHRUM: THE NATURAL INSECTICIDE. 329 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Reviews all aspects of this natural pesticide: culture, chemistry, toxicology and uses. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Hedin, P.A., ed. 1985. BIOREGULATORS FOR PEST CONTROL. 540 pp. Amer. Chem. Soc., Wash. DC. Conf. Proc. June 24-29, 1984. Snowbird, UT. 35 papers on chemicals involved in plant and insect growth & their use for pest control. Refs after each paper. Index.

* Jacobson, M. and D.G. Crosby. 1971. NATURALLY OCCURING PESTICIDES. 585 pp. Marcel Dekker, New York. Chemistry, toxicology and uses of natural insecticides. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Mandava, N. B., ed. 1985. HANDBOOK OF NATURAL PESTICIDES: METHODS. Vol. I. THEORY, PRACTICE AND DETECTION. Vol II. ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION 534 pp., 545 pp. CRC Pr., Boca Raton, FL. Summarises biology of pests and their controls. Integrated crop and weed management, allelopathy. Discusses toxicity and regulations of pesticides. Reviews plant hormones, insect and biological bioassays. Covers methods of isolation and identification of naturally occurring pesticides, such as chromatography, spectroscopy, electron spin resonance, x-ray diffraction analysis. Refs after each chapter. Index. See also Vol.III. E.D. Morgan and N.B. Mandava, eds. 1987. INSECT GROWTH REGULATORS.

Menn, J.J., and M. Beroza, eds. 1972. INSECT JUVENILE HORMONES: CHEMISTRY AND ACTION. 341 pp. Academic Pr., New York. Mostly theoretical, but includes a few papers on their use in pest control. Refs after each paper. Index.

Quraishi, M.S. 1977. BIOCHEMICAL INSECT CONTROL: ITS IMPACT ON ECONOMY, ENVIRONMENT, AND NATURAL SELECTION. 280 pp. Wiley, New York. Includes botanicals and microbials with notes on their impacts. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Rice, E.L. 1983. PEST CONTROL WITH NATURE'S CHEMICALS. 223 pp. Oklahoma Univ. Pr., Norman, OK. Allelochemicals and pheromones for farm and garden. 410 refs. Index.

Whitehead, D.L. and W.S. Bowers, eds. 1983. NATURAL PRODUCTS FOR INNOVATIVE PEST MANAGEMENT. 586 PP. Pergamon Pr., Oxford. 35 papers covering botanicals, plant resistance, phytochemicals, industrial development, registration & application. Refs after each paper. Index.

See also:

Hills, L.D. 1984. (I)

Hunter, B.T. 1971. (I)

March, D. et al. 1985. (I)

Martin, H. 1957. (A)

NAS. 1972. (A)

H. Orchards and Small Fruits

Alther, L. 1973. NON-CHEMICAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL FOR THE HOME ORCHARD. 24 pp. Garden Way, Charlotte, VT. Information pamphlet. 4 refs.

* Croft, B.A. and S.C. Hoyt, eds. 1983. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF INSECT PESTS OF POME AND STONE FRUITS. 454 pp. Wiley, New York. Summarizes progress made on IPM systems for tree fruit pests. Covers bioecology, modeling, economics and implementation with an emphasis on apples and mites. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Hall-Beyer, B., and J. Richard. 1983. ECOLOGICAL FRUIT PRODUCTION IN THE NORTH. 270 pp. Jean Richard, Trois Riviers, QC. Includes a useful chapter on pest management with color plates of some key pests. 10 pp. refs. and contacts. Index. See also Richard's (1987) French version: FRUITS ET PETTITS FRUITS: PRODUCTION ECOLOGIQUE.

* Page, S., and J. Smillie. 1986. THE ORCHARD ALMANAC: A SPRAYSAVER GUIDE. 145 pp. Spraysaver Publ., Rockport, ME. Lots of basic practical information covered in a seasonal format. Many useful tables. 9 pp. refs, suppliers, and organizations. No index.

Schwartz, P.H., Jr. 1975. CONTROL OF INSECTS ON DECIDUOUS FRUITS AND TREE NUTS IN THE HOME ORCHARD WITHOUT INSECTICIDES. Home and Garden Bull. 211. 36 pp. U.S. Dep. Agric., Wash., DC. Useful, practical guide and colour plates of key pests & beneficials. No refs. Index.

See also:

Alford, D.V. 1984. (B)

Frisbie, R.E. & P.L. Adkisson, eds. 1986 (C)

Glass, E.H. et al. 1979 (A)

Graffin, Ph., ed. 1982 (C)

Hill, D.S. 1987. (A)

Huffaker, C.B., ed. 1980 (D)

Johnson, W.T. & H.H. Lyon 1976

Komarek, E.V., ed. 1976 (C) (B)

Metcalf, C.L. et al. 1962. (A)

Metcalf, R.L. and W.H. Luckmann, eds. 1982. (A)

Smith, E.H., and D. Pimentel, eds. 1978. (C)

Thresh, J.M., ed. 1981 (A)

Welch, S.M. & B.A. Croft 1980 (C)

Wilson, M.C., et al. 1984. (A)

I. House and Garden

Brooks, A. and A. Halstead. 1988. GARDEN PESTS AND DISEASES. 96 pp. Mitchell Beazley Publ., Lond. A Roy. Hort. Soc. Encyclopedia handbook covering pests of fruit, vegetables & ornamentals. Useful visuals but mostly chemical solutions. No refs. Index.

Carr, A. 1985. GOOD NEIGHBORS: COMPANION PLANTING FOR GARDENERS. 379 pp. Rodale Pr., Emmaus, PA. Chapter 2: Planting for insect and disease control. Practical and elementary. 120 refs. Index.

* Hills, L.D. 1964. PEST CONTROL WITHOUT POISONS. 64 pp. Henry Doubleday Res. Assoc., Bocking, Braintree, Essex, U.K. Useful guide on how to prevent pest problems and control those that arise. 18 refs. See also his many other books & pamphlets on gardening.

Hunter, B.T. 1971. GARDENING WITHOUT POISONS. 2nd edition. 352 pp. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA. Factual book of non-chemical pest control. Useful introduction. Refs after each chapter. Index.

Jordan, W.H. Jr. 1977. WHAT'S EATING YOUR HOUSEPLANTS? A GUIDE TO CONTROLLING INDOOR PLANT PESTS. 229 pp. Rodale Pr., Emmaus, PA. A popular account of using biocontrols for mites, whiteflies, aphids, mealybugs & scales. Originally issued as WINDOWSILL ECOLOGY. 23 refs. Index.

Kramer, J. 1972. THE NATURAL WAY TO PEST-FREE GARDENING. 118 pp. Scribner, New York. Explains how to work with nature in garden pest control. Also includes rudiments on mulching and compost. 12 refs. No index.

* Mallis, A., K. Story and D. Moreland, eds. 1982. HANDBOOK OF PEST CONTROL: THE BEHAVIOR, LIFE HISTORY, AND CONTROL OF HOUSEHOLD PESTS. 6th ed. 1115 pp. Franzak & Foster, Cleveland, OH. The "bible" of household pest biology and control, but with a strong chemical bias. Refs after each chapter. Index.

* March, D., J. Smith-Rubenzahl, K. Kulpas, and H. Yeomyn. 1985. PEST OR GUEST: A GUIDE TO ALTERNATIVE PEST CONTROL IN THE HOME AND GARDEN. 32 pp. Society Promoting Environmental Conservation. Vancouver, BC. Helpful quick-reference guide to non-chemical controls for common garden, household and stored product pests. 3 pp. refs and sources. No index.

McKillip, B.B., ed. 1973. GETTING THE BUGS OUT OF ORGANIC GARDENING. 115 pp. Rodale Pr., Emmaus, PA. Practical guide to natural insect control. No refs. Index.

Michaud, O. 1988. LE CHASSE-INSECTES POUR JARDINS. 140 pp. Editions de L'Homme, Montreal, QC. Divided according to plants, non-chemical control of fruit, vegetable and ornamental pests; homemade insecticide production. No refs. Index. See also her (1988) LE CHASSE-INSECTES DANS LA MAISON for alternative control methods of household and stored product pests.

Moran, P. and D. Simser. 1988. NONTOXIC INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT FOR THE GARDEN. 23 pp. New Alchemy Tech. Bull. 8. East Falmouth, MA. Safe controls for key pests of 9 major crop groups. 9 refs. No index. See also many useful articles by Coleen Armstrong in their Quarterly Journal.

Newcomb, D. 1982. RX FOR YOUR VEGETABLE GARDEN. 254 pp. Tarcher, Los Angeles, CA. Very useful trouble-shooting tables & natural & chemical solutions for most common garden pest problems. 18 refs. Index.

Olkowski, H. 1971. COMMON SENSE PEST CONTROL. 52 pp. Consumers Cooperative of Berkeley, 4805 Central Ave., Berkeley, CA. A good place to start if you want to manage the pests in your garden without using pesticides. Few refs throughout text. No index.

Philbrick, J. and H. Philbrick. 1963. THE BUG BOOK: HARMLESS INSECT CONTROLS. 5th edn. 126 pp. Garden Way, Charlotte, VT. Introductory guide by bio-dynamic disciples. Refs in text. Index.

Pirone, P.P. 1978. DISEASES AND PESTS OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS. 5th ed. 566 pp. Wiley, New York. Encyclopedic treatment with emphasis on pesticides. 78 refs. Index. See also his (1972) TREE MAINTENANCE.

Pollution Probe. 1983. THINK BEFORE YOU SPRAY : ALTERNATIVES TO CHEMICAL PESTICIDES. 14 pp. Toronto, ON. Covers prevention, safe controls for 17 key pests. 6 refs. No index.

Tyler, H. 1972. ORGANIC GARDENING WITHOUT POISONS. 224 pp. Pocket Bks, New York. Useful guide and sources for the gardener. 19 refs. Index.

Waldron, E. 1973. COMMON SENSE IN PEST CONTROL OF HOUSE AND GARDEN. 21 pp. STOP, Montreal, QC. Practical examples of safe pest control. Also includes discussion of pesticide safety. 20 refs. No index.

See also:

Bennett, G.W. and J.M. Owens 1986 (A)

Davidson, R.H. and W.F. Lyon. 1987. (A)

Frankie, G.W. and C.S. Koehler, eds. 1978 (A)

Hill, D.S. 1987. (A)

Hill, S.B. 1985 (A) *

Metcalf, C.L. et al. 1962. (A)

Rice, E.L. 1983 (G)

Trueman, L.C. et al. 1976 (A)

Westcott, C. 1973. (A)

Yepsen, R.B., ed. 1984. (A)

Also, many of the books in sections B & J

J. Greenhouses

* BULLETIN SROP 1980. WORKING GROUP INTEGRATED CONTROL IN GLASSHOUSES. Conf. Proc. June 12-15, 1979 Agric. Res. Ctr, Vantaa, Finland. Best up-to-date information on biocontrol of ornamental and food crop pests in greenhouses.

Gilkeson, L.A. 1981. A GUIDE TO BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF GREENHOUSE APHIDS. 25 pp. Ark Project, Charlottetown, P.E.I. Describes control of aphids by introduction of predators (predatory midges, syrphid flies and lady beetles), and by parasites. Useful colour plates, and words to the infamous "Aphidoletes" song. 2 refs. Index.

Gilkeson, L. and M. Klein. 1984. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL METHODS FOR PESTS IN COMMERCIAL GREENHOUSES. 11 pp. E.A.P., Macdonald Coll., QC. Concise summary of basic theory and practical control methods for two-spotted spider mite, whitefly, aphids, thrips, leaf miners, scales, and mealybugs. 13 refs. No index.

Hussey, N.W. and N. Scopes, eds. 1985. BIOCONTROL: THE GLASSHOUSE EXPERIENCE 240 pp. Cornell Univ. Pr., Ithaca, NY. Biology and biocontrol of key pests. Color photos of pests and their natural controls. Notes effects of pesticides on natural enemies. Useful chapter on IPM for ornamental pests. Refs after each chapter. Index. See also Hussey's (1969) THE PESTS OF PROTECTED CULTIVATION.

* Steiner, M.Y. and D.P. Elliott. 1983. BIOLOGICAL PEST MANAGEMENT FOR INTERIOR PLANT SCAPES. 30pp. Alberta Envir. Ctr, Vegreville, AB. Useful color plates of mites, mealybugs, scales, aphids, thrips and their predators and parasites. Covers methods of control, with emphasis on biological methods. 5 refs. No index. See also Costello, Tonks & Elliott's (1984) INTEGRATED CONTROL OF MITES AND WHITEFLIES IN GREENHOUSES.

See also:

Burn, A.J. et al., eds. 1987 (C)

Graffin, Ph., ed. 1982 (C)

Metcalf, C.L. et al. 1962 (A)

Also, many references in section D.

K. Journals and Magazines (emphasising Ecological Pest Control)

AGRICULTURE, ECOSYSTEMS AND ENVIRONMENT. 1974. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Eds. T.L.V. Ulbricht and J.W. Sturrock. Illus. 12/yr. $407.00 US. Incorporating "Protection Ecology."

BIOCONTROL NEWS & INFORMATION. 1980. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau International, Wallingford, Oxon OXl8DE, U.K. Ed. D.J. Girling. 4/yr. $96.00 US. Abstracts and occasional review articles. Replaces the discontinued Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control Tech. Bull., Vol. 1-18.

COMMON SENSE PEST CONTROL. 1984. Bio-Integral Resource Centre. P.O. Box 7414, Berkely, CA 94707. Ed. H. and W. Olkowski and S. Daar. 4/yr. Circ. 500. $25.00 US (plus $4.00 US surface mail to Canada).

CROP PROTECTION. 1982. Journal Fulfilment Dept., Butterworths, 80 Montvale Ave., Stoneham, MA 02180. Ed. G.E.Russell. Illus. 6/yr. $176.00 US.

ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY. 1976. Published for Roy. Ent. Soc. of Lond. by Blackwell Sci. Publ., Osneymead, Oxford OX2 0EL, U.K. Ed. J.H. Lawton and E. Pollard. 4/yr. circ. 1300. $129.50 US.

ENTOMOPHAGA. 1956. J. Biol. Integr. Contr. Lavoisier Abonnements, 11 rue Lavoisier, F-75384 Paris Cedex 08, France. Ed. C. Benassy. Illus. 4/yr. circ. 1300. $78.00 US.

ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY. 1972. Published by Ent. Soc. Amer. P.O. Box 177, Hyattsville, MD 20781. Eds. R.F. Chapman and R.E. Stinner. Illus. 6/yr. circ. 2200, $77.00 US (non-members outside U.S.A.).

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT. 1977. Springer-Verlag, 175 Fifth Ave. New York, NY 10010. Ed. D. Alexander. Illus. 6/yr. circ. 1000, $198.00 US. See especially Vol. 7(1) 1983 for an important collection of papers on pest control through habitat management.

HENRY DOUBLEDAY RESEARCH ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER. 1960. Ryton-under-Dunsmore, Coventry CV8 3LG, U.K. Articles & notes on their own and readers' findings concerning successful methods of pest prevention & control. 4/yr. 8 L.

HORT IDEAS. 1984. Grey and Pat Williams (eds & publ.), Route 1, Box 302, Gravel Switch, Kentucky 40328. 12/yr. circ. 1,300. $17.50 Cdn.

* THE IPM PRACTITIONER. 1979. Bio-Integral Resource Center, P.O. Box 7414, Berkeley, CA 94707. Feature articles, and news items. 12/yr. $25.00 US (plus $10.00 surface mail to Canada). $45.00 US for this and COMMON SENSE PEST CONTROL (plus postage).

PROTECTION ECOLOGY: see AGRICULTURE, ECOSYSTEMS AND ENVIRONMENT.

Prepared by Dr. Stuart B. Hill and the staff of Ecological Agriculture Projects
Macdonald College
Ste-Anne de Bellevue, QC, Canada H9X 3V9
September 1988

Copyright 1988 Ecological Agriculture Projects


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